Sounding the death knell for adoption

Posted by in Articles on adoption, News articles on 07 July, 2017

Sounding the death knell for adoption
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Robyn Wolfson Vorster

The 2016 World Adoption Day celebrations are proving muted, overshadowed by the election soap opera in America, and here at home by the crushing disclosure that there were only 1,165 adoptions last year. In a country with 3-million orphans and tens of thousands of crisis pregnancies annually, adoptions have stuttered and, in some cases, stopped. While reported reasons range from fear of child trafficking to bureaucratic sabotage, most agree that in child protection, the gap between what is legislated and what is achievable is widening. So, how will the government and adoption community respond to the crisis?

 

World Adoption Day was postponed this year. Unable to compete with the madness of the US presidential elections, its belated arrival is proof that adoption and politics make uneasy bedfellows.

Not that we needed any. Here in South Africa, the day was preceded by the Department of Social Development’s muted yet devastating revelation that only 1,165 adoptions occurred last year, a 30% decline from 2014. Revelation may even be a stretch – the figure was buried in a slide in a presentation that the Director of Adoptions made at a joint National Adoption Coalition (NACSA) and Department of Social Development conference. You had to look for it.

At the same conference, the Children’s Institute confirmed that South Africa has 3-million orphans, of which up to 1.2-million maternal and double orphans could benefit from adoption; not to mention untold numbers of crisis pregnancies where abortion or maternal care are not an option. And yet, the consensus is that adoption in South Africa is challenging, and that in some provinces, it has almost ground to a halt. This is confirmed by the tiny number of adoptions, which alarmingly may even be overstated. Professor Julia Sloth-Nielsen, senior law professor at the University of the Western Cape, suggested that if the figure had been disaggregated (it wasn’t), up to 80% of those adoptions would be step-parent adoptions. It amounts to a handful of inter-country adoptions and an equally tiny number of non-family national adoptions. As a child protection strategy, adoption may already be staring into the abyss.

At the same time, it is on the cusp of an important change to practice. With the Children’s Second Amendment Bill nearing finalisation, Department of Social Development social workers will soon be able to perform adoptions. This, along with a strategically timed revision to the rates that private and agency-based adoption social workers are permitted to charge for adoptions, could eventuate in adoptions becoming the monopoly of already overburdened and, in some cases, somewhat sceptical government social workers. Small wonder that the state of adoptions feels like a threat to some. But it might also be an opportunity to address why adoption is so challenging and highly contested, and to reinsert it as an integral part of the country’s child protection strategy.

It isn’t news that adopting in South Africa is hard – the word most commonly used to describe the process. Even impartial observers employ it, usually by way of the frequently asked question: “Given how many South African children are in need, why is adoption so hard?” The answer is that it is intentionally difficult, but not for the reason people imagine: it isn’t to prevent paedophiles from adopting or to stop our children being trafficked; at least, not entirely.

The South African public has undoubtedly internalised the trafficking vindication, which isn’t surprising – it is the dominant script being read by the government. Along with abuse, is the most “legitimate” reason for making adoption hard. And to some degree it is true. The screening process is deliberately and rightly challenging to weed out those with malicious intent. The argument breaks down however when we consider that the most difficult part of adoption is not the screening prior to placement, but the legal steps to finalise the adoption. These occur after the child has been placed in our care. Even if the court or government halted the adoption at this point, the child could already have suffered harm.

The abuse and trafficking explanation is certainly plausible, but it is a red herring. It masks a deeper, more painful reason for the hesitant progress of adoption and in so doing prevents us from addressing it. Adoption is hard because, as with many things in South Africa, there is a gaping chasm between what is legislated and what we as individuals (and even as institutions) have the appetite to implement; it is hard because while adoption may be necessary, for some it is an incongruous and even negative form of child protection…[read more]

2 Comments

  1. 26 September, 2017

    Good Morning,

    I am currently doing some research on adoption since my husband and I really want to adopt a child alongside our biological children. It’s something we agreed on even before getting married. When is too early to start this process?

    We were thinking perhaps adopting our third or fourth child, and we are only at no1 currently. A 5month old boy. We are planning to get pregnant again when Jamie is a year.

    Would it be too early to start seeing a social worker to work with us, as we would probably only
    be ready to take on another child in three or four years? I have no idea how long it would take from contacting an agency to finding a child. Or do we wait until we make the decision to have him/her like we would to fall pregnant?

    Kind regards, (PS, the contact form doesn’t work)
    Michelle

    • 11 October, 2017

      Hi Michelle, thanks for your comment and for letting me know about the contact form. Lovely to hear that you are considering growing your family through adoption. But, you are definitely planning ahead. Social workers prefer (if possible) for you to wait until your youngest child is about two before you adopt (it isn’t a hard and fast rule but their goal is for you to have time and energy–as much as one can as parents of small children 🙂 for every child). If you are planning to adopt transracially, the screening and matching process can be quite quick (3-6 months for screening, depending on if you use a private social worker or child welfare), and anything from weeks to six months for matching (unless you have specific and difficult to meet requirements). My advice is that you wait until you would be ready to fall pregnant with your child and approach the social worker then, it should probably take the same amount of time as a regular pregnancy. Please let me know if I can assist further. All the best.

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